First of all in verse 4 he was made to die to the law. 5 Before this he was in the flesh, actively sinning. In 6 he was released from the law, as per verse 4 where he was made to die to the law by which he was bound.
So that is the end of that – He and we now serve in newness of the Spirit instead of the written law.
7 So, he says, what are we now to learn from this? The law the flesh and the sinful passions are all connected – does this mean the LAW is sin? Why no, the law exposed sin.
8 Sin came to light, aroused by the law. (Apart from law, sin is dead). 9,10,11 sin killed me through the law. 12 So there is nothing wrong with the law. 13 Without the law I was alive in my inner sense of myself, but sin needed to be revealed for what it is, the active ingredient in preventing me becoming at one with God. Just as Adam was commanded not to gain awareness of right and wrong, (knowledge of good and evil) so too when I realised this I ‘spiritually’ died like Adam did.
14 The law is spiritually good, but I have not come from that same spiritual source that the law has, although Adam once did. I am of the same fleshly source as Adam, and disobedience brought me into bondage to sin, bound to it by the law.
15 Because the things I do, reveal this nature to me, this sinful nature and its outworking I do not understand, because I find that I don’t do what I would LIKE to do, but what I hate, I do.
16 So I have to agree with the law that it is good. 17 This means it is not me, my will, that is operational, but the will of sin indwelling me.
18 For I know that nothing good dwells in me [the Spirit dwells in me but I am here talking only about my ‘flesh’ (my Adamic nature)]. I can say this because the wishing to do good is in me, but the doing of the good is not. 19 The good I WISH for is within me, in my mind, but in practise it is its opposite, its counterpart, that I end up doing. 20 That means it is not me, not my will that is in force here, but the will of sin that indwells me, in my ‘flesh’.
21 The principle then exists that evil is present in me, in my flesh nature; the one whose mind wants to do good. 22 For I joyfully agree with the law’s good intentions, and share those good intentions in my innermost self, 23 but I see a different law at work in the members of my body, waging war against the good intentions of my mind, and taking me as prisoner to other very base intentions and inclinations, motivations based in my naturally selfish and self serving, self preserving nature.
24 Wretched man that I am! Who will set me free from the body of this death?
25 Thanks be to God* through Jesus Christ our Lord! So then, of myself, I myself with MY MIND do claim the law of God, but with my ‘flesh’ do claim [and actually serve] the law of sin. [So I appear as being dual natured, but in practise only sin is in control, has the power].
There is therefore now no condemnation for those who are in Christ Jesus. Because the law of the Spirit of life has SET YOU FREE from the law of sin and death. This destroys the “duality” of nature, because the law of sin has been taken out of the picture, out of the ‘equation’. The law of sin no longer has any power over you and your mind is free to exercise its good intentions but now as guided by the Spirit.
For what the LAW could NOT do, WEAK through the flesh, GOD did, sending His own Son in the likeness of sinful flesh and as an offering for sin, He condemned sin in the flesh.
*[“for the sting of death is sin, and the power of sin is THE LAW, but thanks be to God who gives us the victory through our Lord Jesus Christ.” 1 Cor. 15-56,57]